Primates are an order of mammals that includes human beings as well as apes and monkeys.Cultural anthropology deals primarily with the growth of human societies in the world.SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: archaeological context CATEGORY: term; technique DEFINITION: The time and space setting of an artifact, feature, or culture.The context of a find is its position on a site, its relationship through association with other artifacts, and its chronological position as revealed through stratigraphy.The assessment of context includes study of what has happened to the find since it was buried in the ground.CATEGORY: technique; term DEFINITION: A context of an archaeological find that has been disturbed by subsequent human activity or natural phenomena.
No other scientific method has managed to revolutionize man’s understanding not only of his present but also of events that already happened thousands of years ago.
The provenience, association, and matrix of such archaeological data SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: ADTCATEGORY: database design DEFINITION: A class of data that does not conform to alphanumeric, numeric, Boolean, text, or string types; includes time and date fields as well as special data types for ordinal time, statistical dates, stratigraphic order, and CATEGORY: branch DEFINITION: The use of geological techniques and methods to archaeological work.
It is different from geoarchaeology in that the latter is a subfield of archaeology focusing on the physical context of deposits.
American physical chemist Willard Libby led a team of scientists in the post World War II era to develop a method that measures radiocarbon activity.
He is credited to be the first scientist to suggest that the unstable carbon isotope called radiocarbon or carbon 14 might exist in living matter. Libby and his team of scientists were able to publish a paper summarizing the first detection of radiocarbon in an organic sample. Libby who first measured radiocarbon’s rate of decay and established 5568 years ± 30 years as the half-life. Libby was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in recognition of his efforts to develop radiocarbon dating.